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AHST 1103 The Arts of Africa & the Americas - Pilotti

Citing Your Sources

What are Citations?

Citing a source means that you show, within the body of your text, that you took words, ideas, figures, images, etc. from another place. Citations consist of standard elements, and contain all the information necessary to identify and track down publications, including:

  • author name(s)
  • titles of books, articles, and journals
  • date of publication
  • page numbers
  • volume and issue numbers (for articles)
  • other elements depending on the type of source

Citations may look different, depending on what type of source and information is being cited and which citation style (APA, Chicago-Author Date, Chicago-Note Bibliography, IEEE, MLA, etc.) was used to create them. You should always check with your professor, or look at your syllabus, to determine which citation style you will need to use in your assignment.

For this class, AH 13, you will be using MLA format. 

Why Do We Cite?

It is VERY important to cite the sources you used in your research for the following reasons:

  • To show the reader you've done proper research by listing sources you used to get your information
  • To avoid plagiarism by quoting words and ideas used by other authors
  • To be a responsible scholar by giving credit to other researchers and their ideas
  • To allow the reader to track down the sources you used by citing them accurately in your paper by way of footnotes, a bibliography, or reference list

Understanding Plagiarism

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the presentation or submission of another's work as your own.

  • It includes summarizing, paraphrasing, copying, or translating words, ideas, artworks, audio, video, computer programs, statistical data, or any other creative work, without proper attribution.
  • It can be deliberate or accidental. It can be complete or partial.

How Do I Avoid Plagiarism?

 Understanding what constitutes plagiarism is your first step to avoiding it. 

  • Proper documentation will help you avoid plagiarism.

  •  Documenting your sources gives credit to researchers who come before you and helps others find the sources that you used. 

  • Citation styles are agreed upon standards for citing resources. Always use the citation style recommended by your professor.

If you have any questions about plagiarism or citing your work, ask your professor or a librarian.