Understanding when to quote or paraphrase largely depends on the type of writing you are doing as well as the point your are trying to convey.
Consult the Library's Integrating Sources guide for in-depth information.
You should quote in a research paper to:
You should paraphrase in a research paper:
For more information on determining when to quote or paraphrase please consult The Writer's Handbook from the University of Wisconsin
Including quotes from other sources into your writing can be a key component of writing a research paper. Adding quotes to your paper should reinforce your larger thesis or topic and should be introduced in a way that presents a clear connection to the theme you are discussing. Use this guide from St. Louis Community College to see some examples of how to include source material into your writing.
Use these common signal phrases to introduce quotes into your writing:
Adapted from Signal Phrases from SUNY Plattsburgh Claude J. Clark Learning Center http://web.plattsburgh.edu/files/2/files/Signal%20Phrases.pdf
Below are resources that explain the best practices of paraphrasing. Remember: Paraphrasing is more than just a summary. Your expressing someone else's ideas in your own words. Paraphrasing is the way to cut down on the amount of direct quotes in your paper.
Imagine from Virtual Library by Cathy Costello