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AHST 1103 The Arts of Africa & the Americas - Pilotti

Writing With Sources

Should I Quote or Paraphrase?

Understanding when to quote or paraphrase largely depends on the type of writing you are doing as well as the point your are trying to convey.

Consult the Library's Integrating Sources guide for in-depth information.

You should quote in a research paper to:

  • show that an authority supports your point
  • present a position or argument to critique or comment on
  • include especially moving or historically significant language
  • present a particularly well-stated passage whose meaning would be lost or changed if paraphrased or summarized

You should paraphrase in a research paper:

  • when what you want from the source is the idea expressed, and not the specific language used to express it
  • to express in fewer words what the key point of a source is

For more information on determining when to quote or paraphrase please consult The Writer's Handbook from the University of Wisconsin

Introducing Quotes

Including quotes from other sources into your writing can be a key component of writing a research paper. Adding quotes to your paper should reinforce your larger thesis or topic and should be introduced in a way that presents a clear connection to the theme you are discussing. Use this guide from St. Louis Community College to see some examples of how to include source material into your writing.

 

Use these common signal phrases to introduce quotes into your writing:

Acknowledges 

Alludes

Analyzes

Argues

Asserts

Confirms

Contradicts

Contrasts

Declares

Defines

Demonstrates

 

Describes

Develops

Discusses   

Emphasizes

Establishes

Explains

Hypothesizes  

Illustrates

Implies

Indicates

Highlights

Informs

Introduces

Observes

Offers

Presents

Promises

Proposes

Questions

Recognizes

Refers

Reflects

Remarks

Reports

Reveals

States

Suggests

Supports 

Supposes

 

 

 

Adapted from Signal Phrases from SUNY Plattsburgh Claude J. Clark Learning Center http://web.plattsburgh.edu/files/2/files/Signal%20Phrases.pdf

Paraphrasing

Below are resources that explain the best practices of paraphrasing. Remember: Paraphrasing is more than just a summary. Your expressing someone else's ideas in your own words. Paraphrasing is the way to cut down on the amount of direct quotes in your paper.

Imagine from Virtual Library by Cathy Costello