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Academic Integrity Tutorial for Graduate Students by DiMenna-Nyselius Library, Fairfield University

What Does Paraphrasing Look Like?

What Does Paraphrasing Look Like?

Paraphrasing is a skill that takes time to develop. One way of becoming familiar with paraphrasing is by examining successful and unsuccessful attempts at paraphrasing. Read the quote below from page 179 of Howard Gardner's book titled Multiple Intelligences and then examine the two attempts at paraphrasing that follow. 

"America today has veered too far in the direction of formal testing without adequate consideration of the costs and limitations of an exclusive emphasis on that approach."  

Click on the attempts at paraphrasing below to see which one is an acceptable paraphrase.

Paraphrasing Attempt 1: America has now gone too far toward formal testing, without realizing the costs and limitations of exclusively emphasizing that approach (Gardner 179).

Paraphrasing Attempt 2: In the United States, the education system places too much emphasis on formal testing, overlooking the limitations and expenses imposed when that assessment strategy is employed exclusively (Gardner 179).

Although the source is cited, the paraphrasing is too close to the original statement as it retained too much of the original wording and sentence structure.

This paraphrase is different enough from the original source that it would not be considered plagiarism, so long as Gardner is credited.


Word to the Wise

If you're not able to paraphrase without using most of their original language, you are better off quoting and citing the actual source!

Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple intelligences: New horizons. New York: Basic Books. 

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