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Academic Integrity Tutorial for Graduate Students by DiMenna-Nyselius Library, Fairfield University

To Cite or Not to Cite?

To Cite or Not to Cite?

You DO need to cite:

You DO NOT need to cite:

  • If you’re quoting from, paraphrasing, or summarizing another author's work,  in any format including: web pages, books, songs, television programs and anything else you can think of that someone else created.
  • If using an image, chart, or diagram created by someone else.
  • If you're using your own thoughts, ideas, opinions, observations, or experimental results.
  • If you're using common knowledge.


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