√ Advertisements: few, if any
√ Appearance: plain black and white, charts, graphs
√ Audience: professors, researchers
√ Author: scholar, academic, expert (hint...look for credentials like Ph.D.)
√ Documentation: footnotes, bibliographies, works cited
√ Language: specialized vocabulary
√ Publisher: university press, research institutes, scholarly press, professional organizations
√ Purpose/Intent: original research, methodology, theory
Distinguish Between Scholarly and Popular Sources...
...to choose the correct sources for your research.
Found an article and you're not sure if it is scholarly or not? Learn more about distinguishing scholarly articles in
How do I Know if an Article is Scholarly?