Skip to main content

MUSC 1101 American Music: A History of Jazz

Citing Your Sources

Citation Managers

Refworks logo

RefWorks is an online citation management tool that allows you to organize your citations and quickly create bibliographies without having to type a word. Click the logo for more info!

the Zotero logo

Zotero (pronounced "zoh-TAIR-oh") is a standalone application that uses browser connectors to save full text, organize sources, and create citations. Click the logo to see more info!

Citing Your Sources



For writing and citationstyles specifically for music research use:

Music Research: a handbook ML113.S28 2009

Recorded Music-Individual Tracks

MLA Handbook 5.7.2

Work Cited Format:

Name of Composer, Conductor or Performer [depends on your emphasis]. "Title of Specific Piece." Perf. Performers' Names [use only if different from the name(s) listed at the beginning of the entry]. Title of Recording. Name of Manufacturer, Year of Issue [if unknown, put n.d.]. Medium..

For musical works that are identified by form, number or key, do not enclose the title in quotation marks (see MLA Handbook 3.6.5).

Work Cited Example:

Chopin, Frederic. Nocturne O 55, No 2. Perf. Vladimir Horowitz. The Last Recording. Sony Classical, 1990. CD.

Parenthetical Reference Example:

When citing a non-print source, it is preferable to include the author's name in the text of your document rather than in a parenthetical reference.

Vladimir Horowitz gave a memorable performance of Chopin's Nocturne O 55, No 2. on his album The Last Recording.

Ask a Librarian

Research Librarians's picture
Research Librarians
JavaScript disabled or chat unavailable.
DiMenna-Nyselius Library
Fairfield University

Text: 203.295.7542
Schedule a research appointment